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STUDY HABITS AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AFAHA NSIT



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ABSTRACT


This research work was carried out to examine the influence of study habits on students’ academic performance in Economics in college of education Afaha Nsit. Three purposes, research questions and hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The study adopted a survey research design. The population of 339 college students was used to withdraw a sample of 100 students through a simple random. An instrument titled Study Habit Questionnaire (SHQ) and Economics Achievement Test (EAT) were used for data collection. The instrument was validated by two experts. The reliability of 0.73 was obtained for the study. Data analysis was done using mean and standard deviation in answering the research questions while hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significant using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. The result of the finding proved that there is a significant influence of private study time, note-taking and use of library on students’ academic performance in Economics in college of education Afaha Nsit. It was  recommended that HODS should make regular seminar for students on the effect of social media addiction on student academic performance.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study
            Economics is a discipline that assists individuals (households) to make wise choice between competing wants using the scarce resources available at their disposal, guides firms to make rational decisions about production and technical process, and directs governments in the preparation of budgets through efficient allocation of scarce resources to certain sectors of the economy that requires immediate attention, such as, medical, construction, education and manufacturing.
            Therefore, Studying economics as a discipline in school requires deliberate and conscious efforts, carried out by students to understand the basic concepts and terminologies, mathematical equations and applications, theories and models, graphical representation of variables and their interpretations as applicable to the field of economics. It requires open-minded attitude among students and constant practice to enhance good academic performance.
            Although economics as a subject is being considered very difficult by many students, acquiring and practicing effective study habits always help the students to achieve good academic performance in economics.Mark and Howard (2009) are of the opinion that the most common challenge to the success of students in all ramifications is a lack of effective or positive (good) study habits. They explained that if students can develop a good study habit and with good discipline, they are bound to perform remarkably well in their academic pursuit.
            Again, Sorenson (1991) while listing the good basic study habits stated that one must study with the primary aim of understanding. This requires one not being in a hurry of getting through, rather sustained concentration is needed. Crow and crow (2002) emphasized that effective study habits include plan/place a definite time table and taking brief of well-organized notes.
            The above statements have informed the researcher’s decision to believe that positive (good) study habits include: devoting special time for private learning through readingsand re-reading the lecture materials and relevant books, discussing your understanding of the subject matter with colleagues, especially those whom you considered better than you academically, attending lectures and effective notes taking, asking questions, in the classroom when you need clarification and devoting time again for private reading, revising past questions if any,because, lectures in the classroom alone may not enhance good academic performance in economics. All the private learning time requires a conducive environment to avoid distractions.
            According to Hills (2000), a very good and conducive learning environment encourages students’ study habits and might have positive impacts on their academic performances, but students reading in an unconducive environment might find it difficult to study, which may affect their academic achievement. Also, Husain (2002) emphasized that lack of good study habits is a critical study problems among students at all levels. This is why the researcher is of the opinion that students who do not attend classes, do not take down notes, do not do assignment and submit,do not use library either private or public, and do not devote special time for private reading may not perform well in economics.
            In view of these, this research work was carried out to investigate the influence of study habits on students’ academic performance in economics in college of education, AfahaNsit.

Statement of the Problem
            There has been a general public concern in the country about the falling standard of education and poor academic performance of students in the country. This situation they said, cut across all levels of education in the country and is evidenced in the low academic performance of students in external examinations like common entrance, WASCE, NECO, JAMB, etc. the system keep turning out “unemployed graduates.
            That is why some group blame this situation on government, to them, education is not properly funded in the country that is why learning environment is still unconducive (libraries and laboratories are not properly furnished in very many schools in AkwaIbom State) and there are no good textbooks for students to read.
            Many too blame the situation on the teachers, to them, teachers are not using the right method to teach the students that is why they failed, while some others blame the curriculum for the falling standard of education, they advocated for a change in curriculum,” there is no link between the world of work and the world of learning in the curriculum”, as such, the school keep producing unemployed graduates.
            The last group blames the students, again they said, “poor study habits of students is the cause of poor academic performance in the country”, meaning, it is the poor study habits among students that leads to examination malpractice, failure in examination, school dropout, etc.
            Based on the aforementioned backdrop, the researcher seeks to determine the influence of study habits on students’ academic performance in economics among students in College of Education AfahaNsit.

Objectives of the study
The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of study habits on student’s academic performance in Economics.
To guide the study the following specific objectives will be raised:
1.                  To determine the influence of private study time on student’s academic performance in economics.
2.                  To determine the influence of notes taking on student’s academic performance in economic.
3.                  To determine the influence of use of library on student’s academic performance in economics.

Research questions
To execute this research work successfully, answers shall be provided to the following questions:
1.                  To what extent does private study time influencestudents’ academic performance in economics?
2.                  To what extent doesnote-taking influence student’s academic performance in economics?
3.                  To what extent doesthe use of library influence student’s academic performance in economics?

Research Hypotheses
1.                  There is no significant influence of private study time on students’ academic performance in Economics.
2.                  There is no significant influence of note-taking on students’ academic performance in Economics.
3.                  There is no significant influence of use of library on students’ academic performance in Economics.

Significance of the study
            The findings of this study would be of great benefits to students, teachers, parents, ministry of education and the general public.
            It would help the students to identify which study habits they posses (good or bad habits), abandon the bad habits if any and develop good habits which could lead to good academic performance in economics. It would expose the students to strategic allocation of time for private study, proper ways of taking notes in classes and effective use of library to enhance good academic performance in economics.
            The findings would enlighten parents on how to encourage their children to develop effective study habits through concise information that would be provided in this study.
            Teachers would see the result of these findings as useful in discharging their duties because of the concise information embedded in it.
            The result of these findings would enable ministry of education to know why they should create a conducive environment for learning by furnishing libraries and other school facilities that can enhance effective study habits of students in economics.
            Finally, the result of the findings would motivate members of the public to encourage their wards to imbibe good study habits for improve academic performance and add to the store house of knowledge with regards to study habits and students’ academic performance in economics.

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Ms Word Format

65 Pages

₦3000

 1-5 Chapters





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